Role of the African American Churches, the Masons, the African Mysteries and the Secret Codes Thursday October 16, 2014, 2:30pm Temple University, 1330 Polett WalkAfrican American churches ranked number 1 in churches who supported the cause. In 1831, Mother Bethel A.M.E. held the first black political convention in PA to protest slavery. At this meeting, it was decided that churches should be used as sanctuaries for runaway slaves. This idea spread throughout the African American churches resulting in stations being created wherever there was an African American Mother Bethel AME Church church. Philadelphia was home to several churches who participated in the Underground Railroad. Among them are: Mother Bethel AME Church, First African Presbyterian Church, The African Episcopal Church of St. Thomas, Zoar United Methodist Church, Campbell African Methodist Episcopal Church, First African Baptist Church, Wesley AME Zion Church, Lombard Central Presbyterian Church, Union Baptist Church.